Đề cương ôn thi THPT Quốc gia Tiếng Anh:
Phần I-Các chuyên đề
: CHUYÊN ĐỀ 9-LIÊN TỪ (CONJUNCTIONS):
* PHẦN 1: LÝ THUYẾT
* A conjunction is used to join words or group of words
* Kinds of conjunctions
1, Coordinating conjunctions
2, Correlative conjunctions
3, Subordinating conjunctions
4, Conjunctive Adverbs
I. Coordinating Conjunctions
The short, simple conjunctions are called “coordinating conjunctions”:
- and, but, or, nor, for, yet, so
A coordinating conjunction joins parts of a sentence (for example words or independent clauses) that are grammatically equal or similar. A coordinating conjunction shows that the elements it joins are similar in importance and structure:
Look at these examples – the two elements that the coordinating conjunction joins are shown in square brackets [ ]:
- I like [tea] and [coffee].
- [Ram likes tea], but [Anthony likes coffee].
Coordinating conjunctions always come between the words or clauses that they join.
When a coordinating conjunction joins independent clauses, it is always correct to place a comma before the conjunction:
- I want to work as an interpreter in the future, so I am studying Russian at university.
However, if the independent clauses are short and well-balanced, a comma is not really essential:
- She is kind so she helps people.
When “and” is used with the last word of a list, a comma is optional:
- He drinks beer, whisky, wine, and rum.
- He drinks beer, whisky, wine and rum.
The 7 coordinating conjunctions are short, simple words. They have only two or three letters. There’s an easy way to remember them – their initials spell: