Đề cương ôn thi THPT Quốc gia Tiếng Anh:
Phần I-Các chuyên đề:
CHUYÊN ĐỀ 9-LIÊN TỪ (CONJUNCTIONS):
* PHẦN 1: LÝ THUYẾT:
III. Subordinating Conjunctions
Subordinating conjunctions introduce subordinate clauses, which are clauses that cannot stand by themselves as a complete thought.
The subordinate conjunction connects a subordinate clause to an independent clause, which can stand by itself.
Ex. We will go whale watching if we have time
*List of Subordinating Conjunctions
As long as
As soon as
|In order that
Subordinating Conjunctions of Condition
|As long as||If||Unless|
|Even if||Provided that||While|
The most common subordinating conjunctions are:
After – later than the time that : later than when.
Example: “Call me after you arrive at work”
Although – despite the fact that : used to introduce a fact that makes another fact unusual or surprising.
Example: “Although she was tired, she couldn’t sleep”
As – used to introduce a statement which indicates that something being mentioned was known, expected, etc.
Example: “As we explained last class, coordinating conjunctions are sentence connectors”
Because – for the reason that.
Example: “I painted the house because it was a horrible colour”
Before – earlier than the time that : earlier than when.
Example: “Come and visit me before you leave”
How – in what manner or way.
Example: “Let me show you how to knit”
If -used to talk about the result or effect of something that may happen or be true.
Example: “It would be fantastic if you could come to the party”
Once – at the moment when : as soon as.
Example: “Once you’ve learnt how to cycle, it’s very easy”
Since – used to introduce a statement that explains the reason for another statement.
Example: “Since you’ve studied so well, you can go outside and play”
Than – used to introduce the second or last of two or more things or people that are being compared — used with the comparative form of an adjective or adverb.
Example: “My sister is older than I am”
That – used to introduce a clause that states a reason or purpose.
Example: “Olivia is so happy that it’s summer again”
When – at or during the time that something happened.
Example: “A teacher is good when he inspires his students”
Where – at or in the place that something happened.
Example: “We went to the bar where there most shade”
Whether -used to indicate choices or possibilities.
Example: “Bruno wasn’t sure whether to go to India or Thailand”
While – during the time that something happened”
Example: “While we were in Paris, it snowed”
Until – up to the time or point that something happened”
Example: “We stayed up talking until the sun came up”